PHIRN: Population Health Improvement Research Network

Figure 11a-b. Population Health Issues Studied in Academic/Grey Literature Ω

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The final set of figures (11a and 11b) presents data on the pattern of population health issues or outcomes studied in the academic and grey literatures. Mental health outcomes are the most frequent category (30.6%) in the academic literature. The most commonly studied mental health problems identified in this review are depression (8.1%), stress (5.2%) and postpartum depression (4%). Cancer is the second most studied health issue or outcome that emerged from this review (8.1%), with the most commonly studied cancers being breast cancer (4%), cervical cancer (1.7%) and colon cancer (1.7%). Maternal/reproductive/sexual health (4.6%), HIV/AIDS (4%), Diabetes (3.5%), and Violence (2.3%) constitute other frequently studied categories of health outcomes. Among all types of violence, violence against women is the most studied (2.3%) followed by intimate partner violence (1.7%) and domestic violence (1.2%).

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As in the case of academic literature, the pattern of population health issues studied in grey literature (Figure 11b) also reveals those issues related to mental health are the most frequently studied (69.3%). However, there is a broader spectrum of concern, with 43% of studies focused on cardiovascular diseases, 36.8% on diabetes, 30.7% on violence and 26.3% on cancer. Indeed, it is rather surprising that there is little on these latter four topics in the academic literature given the emphasis on these issues in the public health discourse. Under the mental health category, depression (43.9%) and stress (43.0%) are the two major health outcomes most frequently documented in the grey literature. Again, under the category of cancer, breast cancer (11.4%), colon cancer (9.6%), and cervical cancer (7.9%) appeared most frequently in the grey literature review.

 

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Last Updated ( Friday, 23 September 2011 14:47 )