PHIRN: Population Health Improvement Research Network

Figure 8a-b. Target or Sub-population Experiencing Inequities Studied in Academic/grey Literature Ω

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Figure 8a presents the distribution of sub-populations experiencing inequities in health captured in academic articles. Most of the studies include overlapping sub-population categories, such as Aboriginal women with low socio-economic status (SES) experiencing mental illness. A focus on a sub-population with low SES (39.9%) is most frequently represented in articles, followed by immigrant/newcomer and refugees (31.8%), women (28.3%), mental illness, depression and mood disorder (22.5%), Aboriginal peoples (18.5%), and infants, children and youth (16.2%). The sub-populations of homeless and inadequately housed people (10.4%), older and seniors (7.5%), and disabled (1.2%) are less frequently represented in articles. The category 'Multiple' represents the studies with multiple sub-population categories beyond what we have classified.

 

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Figure 8b presents the health equity sub-populations studied in the grey literature. According to this figure, studies focusing on women appear to be a popular choice (34.2%), followed by people of low income or socioeconomic (SES) background (33.3%), Aboriginal, First Nation, Inuit, Métis (30.7%), and immigrant/newcomer, refugees (28.1%). A focus on the sub-populations of racial, ethnic minorities (23.7%), infants, children, youth (21.9%), and those suffering from mental illness including depression (23.7%) are also quite frequent.

 

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Overall, those with low SES, immigrant/newcomers, women, racial and ethnic minorities and Aboriginal people are the most frequently studied groups in both academic and grey literature. It is also important to note that these groups are notable vulnerable groups, who are at risk of multiple layers of marginalization in their everyday lives. The relationship between SES, immigrant and Aboriginal status or, to be more specific, the relationship between SES and women of immigrant and Aboriginal descent, is well known and has been long established in health equity research. As diversity in Ontario population tends to increase with the changing trend of international and in-country migration, it becomes increasingly important to identify the full range of factors that bear on the health status of these sub-populations.

Last Updated ( Friday, 23 September 2011 14:37 )