PHIRN: Population Health Improvement Research Network

Alma Estable Profile Page
Alma Estable
9 years ago
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7 years ago


Estable, Alma
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Gentium Consulting


  • Public health
  • Community health
  • Health care access (primary, hospital, other)
  • Social services (including income support)
  • Intersectoral
  • Low income urban populations
  • Immigrants/newcomers/migrants
  • Racial and/or ethnocultural minorities
  • Women
  • Children/Youth
  • LGBT populations
  • Marginalized or socially excluded populations
  • Combined forms of socially determined risk (i.e. intersectionality)
  • Social inclusion/exclusion
  • Child development
  • Identity/status (e.g. immigrant, indigenous)
  • Racialization/racism
  • Gender
  • Income/poverty
  • Access to services (e.g., health, education, other)
  • Multiple determinants/intersectionality
  • Individual
  • Group
  • Neighbourhood/Locality
  • City
  • Province
  • Nation
  • Multiple levels

Areas/Types of Research

  • Primary studies of interventions to reduce exposures, change conditions, prevent negative outcomes at the ‘whole population’ level (e.g., food fortification, regulations on salt content of processed food)
  • Studies of interventions on key social determinants of health such as income, housing, economic participation, racism
  • Studies that document existence of differential access/uptake by population subgroups to health care treatments and interventions
  • Social or group interventions that are directed at changing individual behaviours (e.g. mass media campaigns to induce individuals to reduce use of salt in food )
  • Potential effectiveness and evaluations of any of the above types of interventions in practice
  • Studies that examine differential impact of key social determinants on health outcomes
  • Connections between proximal and distal determinants of health
  • Institutions and processES that influence allocation of health and social resources
  • Multi-site studies
  • Case studies
  • Regional, provincial, national comparisons
  • Documentation of community capacity building approaches for health equity action
  • Studies that document inequality in areas other than traditional ‘health’ sector
  • Studies on social, political, systems change
  • Retrospective and prospective analyses of policies that influence health equity
  • Citizen engagement related to health equity
  • Knowledge transfer and dissemination to inform health equity
  • Impact of health inequity/equity on other outcomes (e.g. social services utilization)
  • Impact of reduction of other inequities (poverty) on health outcomes
  • Development and analysis of theories on health inequality, health equity, intervention approaches, policies, impact of various determinants on health, etc.
  • Intersectionality
  • Reviews of literature (including systematic reviews, scoping reviews)
  • Tool kits, action guides, resources for capacity building or action on health equity in Ontario